rate of accidents has increased rapidly. The high demand for automobiles has
also increased traffic hazards and road accidents to over speed. People are
going at risk because of their over speed, due to the unavailability of
advanced techniques, the rate of accidents can’t be decreased. This is because
of the lack of the best emergency facilities available in our country. Automatic
accident detection and alert systems are introduced in this paper. This design
is a system that can detect accidents in significantly less time and sends the
basic information to the first aid center within a few seconds sending a
message to the registered mobile, hospital, and police station using wireless
communications techniques . When an accident occurs in a city or any place,
thebe activated when the accident occurs and the information is transferred to
the registered number through the GSM module. The GPS system will help in
finding the location of the accident spot. The location can be sent through a
tracking system to cover the geographical coordinates over the area. The usage
of auto mobiles
improved linearly over the past decade, which increased the risk of human life.
This is become due to insufficient emergency facilities .
Arduino Based Vibration Sensor
Accident Detection and SMS Alerts with architecture.
Fig.1 Block diagram
2. CONTRAST CONTROL
unit sends the information to the emergency contacts like the police control
room and an ambulance unit .
Fig. 2- Information transfer
1. The Arduino
setup is installed in a vehicle's crash guard or in the bumpers of the vehicle
on each side.
2. When a collision occurs it triggers the
push button and it sends a notification to the Arduino Board.
3. Arduino will take this input and will
convert it to the SIM800.
are shared through GSM.
notification is passed to the saved mobile number
6 6. through GSM.It contains the exact GPS location. 7.The
application is used to know the route and location. 8. If the accident is not
severe the person can turn off the buzzer and the device will come back to
Arduino UNO is a widely used open-source microcontroller board based on the
developed by Arduino. The Arduino is the major control unit to detect or alert
when an accident occurs. It collects the data from vibration sensors, GPRS, and
GSM modules and reflects the output either in the display system or through a
message. Here the vibration sensor plays a major role. This vibration sensor
will receive the vibrations of the vehicle which in turn acts as an accident
detection module. This vibration sensor will receive the vibrations of the
vehicle which in turn acts as an accident detection module.
For providing communication between the GPS,
GSM, and the allocated mobile number GSM SIM800L module is preferred. The name
is SIM800L says that it is a tri-band work ranging a frequency of 900MHz to
1900 MHz such as EGSM900 MHz, PCS 1900 MHz, and DSC 1800 MHz Receiving pin of the
GSM module and the transmitting pin of the GPS module is used for communication
between the modules and the mobile phone .
To find the location on the earth the whole is
divided into some coordinates where the location can be easily captured by a
module called GPS module. Here the GPS used is NEO-6M. This GPS module will
find the location of the vehicle and the information fetched by the GPS
receiver is received through the coordinates the received data is first sent to
Arduino and the information is transmitted to the saved contact through the GSM
module. The frequency is operated in the range of 1575.42 MHz and the output of
the GPS module is in NMEA format which includes data like location in real-time
LCD display (16X2)
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) 16x2 display is a type of matrix display that is
commonly used for displaying text-based information. It consists of a matrix of
16 columns and 2 rows of characters and is capable of displaying 32 characters
at a time. The display is typically controlled by a microcontroller or computer
using a serial or parallel interface, which sends commands and data to the
display to control what is displayed. Some common applications for 16x2 LCDs
include displaying status messages,debugging information,and user interface
elements in electronic devices such as routers, appliances,and embedded
buzzer is a device that produces a buzzing or beeping sound. It is often used
as a signaling mechanism in various applications, such as timed tests, sporting
events, and alarm systems. Buzzers can be mechanical or electronic, and they
come in various shapes and sizes. Some common types of buzzers include
piezoelectric buzzers, magnetic buzzers, and speaker buzzers .
The vibration sensor module based on the
vibration sensor SW-420 and Comparator LM393 is used to detect
vibrations. The threshold can adjust using an onboard potentiometer.
During no vibration, the sensor provides Logic Low and when the vibration is
detected, the sensor provides Logic High.
system detects accidents from the vehicle and sendsa message through the GSM
module. The message is received by another GSM module. Google Map Module It
displays Google Mapshowing u exact location of the accident and its details. It
gets detailed SMS from the accident location. Hence there is a small variation
in the coordinates, the initial value of latitude and longitude are the same
but the fractional value changes with a small difference.
Fig 3- Interfacing Controller
Fig 4- Short Massage Send
proposed programmed accident detection system can be a rescuer of life for people
who met with accidents. As a result, the system is sending SMS to the nearest
Emergency assistance service provider from an accident location. The high
demand for automobiles has also increased traffic hazards and road accidents.
Life of the people is at high risk. This is because of the lack of the best
emergency facilities available in our country. An automatic alarm device for
vehicle accidents. Then again, the programming part is an Android application
introduced in drivers’ Smartphones which is used to get the point-by-point map.
In general, the benefits of this system are low cost, secure and simple to use.
The system introduced in this work reduces the casualties due to accidents.