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Author(s): Ishank Jhanji1

Email(s): 1ishank714@modernschool.net

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    Modern school, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi 110001, India

Published In:   Volume - 3,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2023

DOI: 10.55878/SES2022-3-2-4  

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ABSTRACT:
Revived demand in microbial acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation has encouraging researchers for technological advancement in this field to produce sustainable and environmental being biofuels. The microbial species of genera Clostridia are commonly used for production of ABE. ABE fermentation in Clostridiais biphasic with an initial acidogenic phase followed by solvent ogenic phase, where the assimilated acids are used to produce ABE. The obtained mixture from ABE fermentation has a capacity to seamlessly blend with gasoline. However, inherent problems associated with ABE fermentation are significant substrate cost, solvent toxicity, relatively inadequate product concentration, and substantial purification cost. ABE mixture as a drop-in fuel is widely studied by researchers but rarely reviewed to understand its techno economical analysis and inherent challenges, so far. Therefore, the present work summarizes the recent advancement in ABE fermentation in terms of upstream and downstream processes along with its inherent challenges to achieve high yield and productivity. The present review will be facilitative opportunity to consider ABE mixture as a drop-in biofuel in upcoming days.

Cite this article:
Ishank Jhanji (2023), Cutting-edge breakthroughs in the acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation technology, Spectrum of Emerging Sciences, 3 (2) 2023, 21-27, 10.55878/SES2022-3-2-4DOI: https://doi.org/10.55878/SES2022-3-2-4


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